What are pressure wounds?
Tissue damage caused by low blood circulation:
The damage occurs due to pressure, shearing, friction,
or a combination of the three.
Who is at risk getting pressure wounds?
The threshold for pain increases with age. Hence,
the risk of pressure wounds increases. Other factors
that increase the risk are reduced movements in joints
and mobility, paralysis, incontinence, apathy, operational,
use of medicals, overweight, reduced blood circulation,
diabetes, insufficient nutrition.
The four stages of pressure wounds
Pressure wounds develop in four stages. Bare in mind
that wounds often starts underneath the skin in the
subcutaneous tissue or muscle tissue. In most cases
diagnostics of the skin show indications of something’s
not being correct.
The first stage of a pressure wound can, however, be
hard to see and understand. Red skin can be due to
many things, such as urine and excrimation. Be aware
that stage 1 wound can easily develop to stage 2 and 3
very fast! If unsure about the red skin it should always be
treated as pressure wound.
Outer skin is not damaged (epidermis)
Outer skin is damaged and open (epidermis)
Open wounds, wounds and/or necrosis in
subcutaneous tissue, but not affecting the muscle
Severe damage to muscle tissue with necrosis all
the way to the sinew and bones.
A systematic risk evaluation is required to identify
the patients that run the risk of developing pressure wounds.
There are different methods to identify these patients.
The most common method is the Nortonscale.
Carebed reduces the pressure against the skin.
Hence reducing the risk of getting pressure wounds.
Carebed reduces the pressure by an average of 50%
in exposed areas (Heel, bottocks and hips) according to
measurements done at Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury,